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ΑΝΥΠΑΚΟΗ (Disobedience)

The concept of ΑΝΥΠΑΚΟΗ (pron. anipakoi) has been used throughout history to describe the Greek temperament, with explorations of disobedience dating back to Ancient Greece and its internationally influential mythology. From the cautionary tales of Ikaros and Antigone, to Prometheus, a hero who feels a moral obligation to disobey the gods in order to create opportunities for human progress. Greece's design explored this duality in the nature of disobedience. How can we design to evoke disobedience yet harness its constructive and creative form?

In the spirit of disobedience, Greece’s kinetic installation changed our interactions with the physical environment, challenging a perception of architecture as something static, or emotionally inert. It encouraged visitors to imagine a world in which buildings, boundaries and walkways morphed and adapted in response to human intent, shedding light on a potential future for cities.

ΑΝΥΠΑΚΟΗ comprised of a 17 metre-long wall constructed from a steel spring skeleton built up with recycled plastic which flexed, morphed and breathed around the human body. Visitors transgressed through this mechanical boundary, and as they walked, experienced the skin of the wall transforming in response. The public were invited to participate in a mood of creative disobedience by transitioning from an obedient spectator to a disobedient actor, physically passing through (or ‘in between’) the wall along an undulating walkway. Emotions such as curiosity, ambivalence, frustration, temptation, excitement and wonder were amplified, as visitors experienced the feeling of passing in between a boundary and uniquely impacting its shape.


  • Designed, engineered and curated by: Studio INI led by Nassia Inglessis, Lead Designer and Engineer with team E. Brial, M. Vordonarakis, L. Walker, N. L'Huillier, A. Yioti and with Neiheiser Argyros, C. Hornzee-Jones, Elliott Wood Partnership Ltd.
  • With thanks to: G. Piscitelli, J. Bertolaso, S. Roots, F. Avgerinos, A. Lavail. With thanks for their fundraising efforts to: A. Kyriakopoulou, G. Kekatos, L. Modiano, D. Spiegelberg.
  • Primary sponsor: Eurobank Private Bank Luxembourg.
  • Other sponsors: Yiotis S.A., U. Kyriakopoulos, TERNA S.A., NEON, Martinos Art, Leventis Foundation, King’s College London, VETA S.A, E. Tsangrides, F. Kyriacopoulos, Plomari Ouzo S.A., SmilePlastics.